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Aspergillosis | New Fungal Infection India 2021, Symptoms, Treatment, Precautions

Heard about Aspergillosis? A New Fungal infection in India? Know about Aspergillosis right here. To panic is not the solution, to understand what the problem is and we can deal with it, is the best solution. This article is all about the Aspergillosis fungal infection, its symptoms, treatment options, and precautions, etc are covered in this article.

Fungal infections like Black Fungus, White Fungus, and Yellow Fungus have increased each day in the Covid recovered patients. Indian recorded as many as 11,000 cases concerning the black fungus. Besides this infection, a new infection called Aspergillosis Fungal Infection has been detected. It has been observed in the patients who recently recovered from the Covid 19 infection. There are few cases of this new fungal infection currently. Around 8 cases have been recorded in India (in Gujarat).

After reading this article, you will know everything about Aspergillosis Fungal Infection and get enough knowledge to stay away from this type of infection.

There is no need to panic due to cases of Aspergillosis fungal infection. Actually, it is a very common type of fungus but due to weakened immunity it can impact COVID 19 recovered people. If detected early, it can be very easily treated.

Aspergillosis Fungal Infection

Infection NameAspergillosis
Where is it foundBoth Indoors & Outdoors
Who is more prone?COVID 19 recovered patients with low immunity
Details AvailableSymptoms, Treatment, Precautions

The first key aspects to know Aspergillosis Fungal Infection are its Symptoms, available treatment options, and Precautions to take during Covid 19. Let’s know all about it :

Aspergillosis | New Fungal Infection India 2021, Symptoms, Treatment, Precautions

What is Aspergillosis Fungal Infection?

  • Aspergillosis is a type of fungal infection identified by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention. It is a type of fungus that lives both indoors and outdoors.
  • However, people with less immunity power are more prone to causing the infection. If not properly taken care of, it will lead to different ailments that cause severe illness.
  • There are a total of 5 types of aspergillosis, such as allergic bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis (ABPA), allergic Aspergillus sinusitis, aspergilloma (“fungus ball”), chronic pulmonary Aspergillosis and invasive Aspergillosis.
  • The Covid recovered patients are more likely to affect with pulmonary sinus Aspergillosis.
  • Although aspergillosis is not dangerous as Black Fungus, it is dangerous.

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Symptoms of Aspergillosis Fungal Infection

Like other fungal infections, Aseprgillosis also develop a few symptoms in the patients affected with it. However, the symptoms are different for different types of aspergillosis. They are

  • Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis (ABPA)
  1. Shortness of breath
  2. Cough
  3. Wheezing
  4. Fever (in rare cases)
  • Allergic Aspergillus Sinusitis
  1. Stuffiness
  2. Runny nose
  3. Headache
  4. Reduced ability to smell
  • Aspergilloma (“Fungus Ball”)
  1. Cough
  2. Coughing up blood
  3. Shortness of breath
  • Chronic Pulmonary Aspergillosis
  1. Weight loss
  2. Cough
  3. Coughing up blood
  4. Fatigue
  5. Shortness of breath
  • Invasive Aspergillosis
  1. Fever
  2. Chest pain
  3. Cough
  4. Coughing up blood
  5. Shortness of breath

Treatment for Aspergillosis

Aspergillosis is difficult to detect by doctors because the symptoms are mimic and are similar to other lung infections. However, doctors generally prescribe the biopsy to sample and test lung tissue, other necessary blood tests, X-Ray, CT Scan of the lungs, etc., to examine the infection. After identifying the infection in the patients, the doctors may prefer any of the treatments like

  • In some cases, there is no treatment necessary for the Aspergillosis infection. A simple observation is enough to treat the fungal infection. The physicians make the observations through X-Rays and closely monitor the condition of the patient.
  • The doctors may also suggest medications using antifungal drugs like voriconazole (Vfend) and Amphotericin B. However, the medication leads to serious effects like Kidney and Liver Damage.
  • In serious cases, the doctors prefer surgery because medications don’t work well in some cases. Thus doctors prefer the surgery to remove the fungal mass.
  • The doctors also follow a process call embolization in which the radiologist injects a material through a catheter where an aspergilloma is causing blood loss.
  • The injected material hardens, blocking the blood supply to the area and stopping the bleeding. However, this treatment works temporarily, and the bleeding is likely to start again.

Suggestive Precautions from Aspergillosis during Covid 19

Let us see the preventive measures that a patient should follow to avoid the following aspergillosis infection.

  • One should avoid areas with a lot of dust, like construction or excavation sites.
  • Always wear an N95 mask while going to dusty areas.
  • Avoid activities that involve working with dust.
  • If you are working in dusty areas, wear shoes, long pants, and gloves to protect yourself from any infection.
  • Avoid skin injuries when working in outer environments.
  • If you feel you are at risk of developing an infection, consult a physician and take the antifungal medication.

If you want to dig deeper, you must watch this Video :

Aspergillosis Fungal Infection FAQs

How many types of Aspergillosis Fungal Infections are observed to date in the Covid recovered patients?

There are a total number of 5 aspergillosis fungal infections are observed in the Covid recovered patients.

Is there any treatment and medication for aspergillosis fungal infections?

Yes, there is a medication and treatment for aspergillosis fungal infections.

What is the best way to prevent invasive aspergillosis?

The people working in dusty areas should wear N 95 masks to prevent invasive aspergillosis.

Are there any other preventive measures the people can follow to avoid the fungal infections in this Covid?

Yes. Refrain from dust and dusty areas. Wash or sanitize your hands from time to time. Wear a mask & gloves while cleaning dusty surfaces.

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Last Updated on May 30, 2021 by Hindi Yojana Team

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